Eleanor Roosevelt with the Spanish language version of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
When the racist atrocities committed by Nazi Germany became known after World War II, the world community concluded that a universal declaration of human rights which specified the rights of individuals was necessary to give force to the Human Rights provisions in the United Nations Charter.
In 1946, the UN established a committee, chaired by Eleanor Roosevelt, to draft the Bill of Human rights. On December 10, 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was adopted by the United Nations. Following the adoption of human rights, the United Nations committed member countries to publicize, and teach the universal human rights especially in schools and other educational institutions.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
Preamble: Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. Read full text of human rights.